Pelvic inflammatory disease or PID is typically an infection that affects a woman’s reproductory organs.

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Triggered by a sexually-transmitted infection, if left untreated, may cause issues like long term pelvic pain and complications during pregnancy.

Definition

PID is an infection that causes inflammation in reproductive organs of a woman, including fallopian tubes, uterus/womb, cervix, and ovaries. PID is considered as a serious complication that may cause irreversible damage to ovaries, uterus, fallopian tubes, and various other parts of a woman’s reproductive system. In some cases, it may also lead to female infertility.

Causes It is primarily caused by different kinds of bacteria present in the vagina. Other pelvic infection causes may include:

  • Untreated STD
  • Multiple sex partners
  • Intercourse with a sex partner having multiple sex partners
  • Infected by PID before
  • Sexually active females in the age group of 25 years or younger
  • Douche
  • Intrauterine device/IUD usage for birth control

Symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Common pelvic infection symptoms are:

  • Tenderness or pain in lower/upper abdomen and stomach
  • Yellow or green vaginal discharge with unusual odour
  • Chills/ high fever
  • Painful urination
  • Vomiting & Nausea
  • Painful intercourse

Diagnosis & Treatment

A doctor may diagnose PID by carefully examining the pelvic area for any damage. Other tests include:

Pelvic ultrasound: It makes use of sound waves to generate images of internal organs.

Endometrial biopsy: It’s a surgical procedure used by a doctor to examine and remove small tissues lining the uterus.

Laparoscopy: In this procedure, a doctor directs an instrument into the abdomen and takes images of pelvic organs.

To treat pelvic inflammatory disease, a doctor normally prescribes antibiotics that work against the bacteria causing this disease. It is further advised to visit your doctor regularly to ensure that the antibiotics are working suitably. However, in the case of recurrent infection or pelvis ruptures, your doctor may advise a surgery.

Last, but not the least, PID is spread via sexual contact. Men, at times, are the silent carriers of the bacteria causing this disease. To abstain from the development of PID, a person may:

  • Practice safe sex
  • Get regularly examined for any sexually transmitted infections
  • Avoid douches
  • Follow common hygienic rules
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