Men suffering from Oligozoospermia may find it harder to impregnate their partners. Oligozoospermia refers to a low sperm count, and affects thousands of healthy men around the world. This is not only a physical condition, but may also affect the couple emotionally as they struggle with the frustrations of not being able to conceive.

What causes low sperm count?

Doctors have identified several causes of lowered sperm concentration per ejaculation, which are often divided into three main categories: physical, genetic, or emotional.

Physical causes include over-ejaculation, exposure to high levels of heat periodically; such as hot baths or sitting on machines, or direct testicular trauma. All these can cause a low sperm count in an otherwise healthy reproductive system.

On the genetic scale, pre-existing genetics related issues, deficiencies or malformations can affect your sperm count and make it difficult to conceive.

High stress levels can affect the hormonal balance of the reproductive system, which may reduce the sperm count and make it harder to impregnate your partner.

What can you do if you suffer from low sperm count?

The first step to improving your sperm count is getting medically checked to pinpoint the root cause. The doctor may prescribe certain treatments; such as vitamins or other supplements. You can also improve your condition through a lifestyle change.

You can make changes like maintaining a healthy body weight, which you can reach through eating healthy, exercise, and getting enough rest. Being of healthy weight helps stabilise your reproductive system and cause a rise in sperm count.

Another change you can make is to stop smoking. Smoking has a direct effect on your reproductive system, and causes not only a decrease in sperm count, but infertility and cancer.

You should also avoid the use of recreational or illegal drugs. Drugs alter the hormonal balance of the body, which may lead to a lower sperm count.

Lastly, you should avoid tight underwear as they restrict the blood flow to the testicles, which is may lower sperm count. Avoid over-exercising and taking hot baths or saunas, as all these may cause a dramatic rise in body temperature, and affect the reproductive system’s ability to produce healthy sperm.

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